Area: 219 km2 (1/4 water)

Population: 2.0 million (Metropolitan Area Amsterdam)

Density: 4939 inhabitants/km2

GDP: 38600 per capita in €

Amount of MSW (2011): 596 kg/capita


Academia: VU University– Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM)
Business: Amsterdam Economic Board
Public authority: City of Amsterdam, Afval Energie Bedrijf 


The Amsterdam Area has all of the key assets to be an innovative and economically-strong region. Thanks to strong clusters, the Amsterdam Area can play a pioneering role both nationally and internationally. In order to fully exploit this potential, for example in the area of resource efficiency and waste management, collaboration between governmental agencies, research institutes and the trade and industry sector is essential.


Waste management


  • Waste generated: 398 kg/capita (including 70 kg bulky waste and 328 kg residual household waste)
  • Waste collected: 398 kg/capita
  • Waste recycling: 18%  (12% household waste and 6% bulky waste)
  • Waste energy recovery: 82% (at 31% net electrical efficiency)
  • Waste to landfill: 0%

System of source separation at household level


  • Urban infrastructure: >80% middle and high buildings, > 60% less than 75m2 per dwelling;
  • Waste collection system covers 7 districts each approximately 110.000 inhabitants and 3000 acres;
  • 145 trucks are used to collect different waste streams: 70 for bulky, 75 for glass, paper, textile, plastic and other kinds of domestic waste;            
  • Approximately 10.000 underground containers are in place: 68% for residual household waste (5m3 containers), 23% bags, 9% other 8% paper, 6% glass.

Key needs and aspirations in innovative waste management


  • To develop a more recourse efficient waste management strategy for the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area;
  • To find solutions for recource efficient waste management in urban and densely populated areas;
  • To streamline the collection of plastic waste, E-waste, organic and green waste;
  • To close the cycles of food, raw materials, energy, water and phosphate;
  • To reduce waste including the end-of-life use of a product in the design process;
  • To enhance the quality of recycled products;
  • To reach and encourage citizens and retailers to recycle, to find the right actors why people will participate.

Innovative waste solutions

  • Waste and Energy Company (AEB) - City of Amsterdam moves towards innovative waste solutions (see video).
  • Waste and Energy Company (AEB) - City of Amsterdam general presentation (see video).
  • Waste collection in Amsterdam East (see video).